Nowa Huta is one of the most representative districts of Krakow – designed from scratch as an independent city intended for the employees of the emerging metallurgical conglomerate: the then Lenin Steelworks (named after Tadeusz Sendzimir after the collapse of communism). Since its inception in 1954, it has been the largest industrial plant in Krakow and one of the largest steel mills in Poland.
The construction of Nowa Huta began in 1949. Due to its planned specificity – an ideal working-class city – it is very different from other parts of Krakow with its uniform, harmonious form of buildings and industrial atmosphere.
Nowa Huta was attached to Krakow in 1951 along with the entire Mogiła commune. Year 1990 saw the introduction of a new administrative division of Krakow and Nowa Huta was divided into 5 local government districts: District XIV Czyżyny, District XV Mistrzejowice, District XVI Bieńczyce, District XVII Wzgórza Krzesławickie, and District XVIII Nowa Huta.
Iconic sites in Nowa Huta include Plac Centralny (Central Square), Tadeusz Sendzimir Steelworks, Kopiec Wandy (Wanda’s Mound) or Zalew Nowohucki Reservoir, where in summer you can relax on the shore of the pond.
Fans of history who take an interest in the People’s Republic of Poland will be delighted to visit the Museum of Nowa Huta and the Nowa Huta Underground, where they can explore nuclear shelters.
A notable site is the Polish Aviation Museum located in the Czyżyny District, which collects hundreds of objects related to aviation and its development.
When in Krakow, be sure to visit Nowa Huta and feel its unique atmosphere.